What Are The Risks Or Potential Complications Of Cataract Surgery?

Cataract surgery, while highly successful, carries some risks and potential complications, similar to any surgical procedure. These include:

  1. Postoperative Infection: Though rare, infections can occur after cataract surgery and may require treatment with antibiotics.
  2. Inflammation: Some degree of inflammation is common, but excessive inflammation might require treatment.
  3. Retinal Detachment: This is a rare but serious complication where the retina at the back of the eye detaches.
  4. Posterior Capsule Opacification (PCO): Sometimes referred to as a secondary cataract, PCO can develop in the months or years after surgery, causing vision to become cloudy again.
  5. Swelling or Edema: Swelling of the cornea or retina can occur, impacting vision.
  6. Lens Dislocation: The artificial lens implanted during surgery can sometimes move from its correct position.
  7. Change in Eye Pressure: Some patients may experience increased eye pressure after surgery, which needs to be monitored and managed.

While these complications can sound concerning, it’s important to remember that cataract surgery has a high success rate. Most complications are manageable, and the risk of serious problems is low. Preoperative assessment and postoperative care are critical to minimizing these risks.

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