Cataract surgery, while highly successful, carries some risks and potential complications, similar to any surgical procedure. These include:
- Postoperative Infection: Though rare, infections can occur after cataract surgery and may require treatment with antibiotics.
- Inflammation: Some degree of inflammation is common, but excessive inflammation might require treatment.
- Retinal Detachment: This is a rare but serious complication where the retina at the back of the eye detaches.
- Posterior Capsule Opacification (PCO): Sometimes referred to as a secondary cataract, PCO can develop in the months or years after surgery, causing vision to become cloudy again.
- Swelling or Edema: Swelling of the cornea or retina can occur, impacting vision.
- Lens Dislocation: The artificial lens implanted during surgery can sometimes move from its correct position.
- Change in Eye Pressure: Some patients may experience increased eye pressure after surgery, which needs to be monitored and managed.
While these complications can sound concerning, it’s important to remember that cataract surgery has a high success rate. Most complications are manageable, and the risk of serious problems is low. Preoperative assessment and postoperative care are critical to minimizing these risks.